Remember the Alamo

The Alamo, officially named the de Valero Mission, is a former mission and
military fort in , . It is now a museum drawing people interested in
history. When people say Remember the Alamo, they are referring to a
significant battle in s Revolution against . The entire event lasted for
thirteen days in February and March of 1836. It is famous for heavy rebel losses and
illustrious participants, including the Mexican President and .

This mission was first conceived of in 1716 and a Spanish viceroy authorized its
construction. As the first in a chain of missions along the River, it was
intended as a vocational school for Native ns after their conversion to
Christianity. Training options included cattle-raising, weaving, carpentry, and stone
masonry. However, the church was not completed until 1757, and mission activity was
already waning by the mid-1760s! The Church abandoned the site by the 1790s.

Spanish soldiers, noting the defensive potential of the missions 12-foot walls, took over
in 1803. In the coming years, and would battle for control of land in North
. After the Mexican War of Independence in 1821, became part of
Mexican territory; it was part of a new state called Coahila y Tejas.

The encouraged people from the US to settle this land. Hundreds of
families, both n and Mexican, accepted the invitation. However, after the land
became settled and colonists formed provincial governments, the
increased centralization of power.

Settlers became uncomfortable with President centralizing of government.
In their view, the 1824 Constitution of guaranteed stronger states rights.
Meanwhile, part of the centralization plan included dividing Coahila y Tejas into two
states, one of which was Tejas.

Coahila soon seceded to become part of the short-lived Republic of the Rio Grande. Tejas
declared its independence on March 2, 1835 and named itself the Republic of .
Settlers provoked the early on by taking over military positions in
and . In response, assembled 6,500 soldiers and led
many to . Thousands of men may have deserted before
arrival, but still, they greatly outnumbered the rebels fortressed in the Alamo.

Although they received reinforcements, the Texan rebels were outnumbered and could
not sustain more than two weeks of attacks which inside their fortress. Ultimately, the
Mexicans penetrated the old mission and killed most of the remaining soldiers through
hand-to-hand combat. When the fighting was over, the Mexican forces left only sixteen
alive. Most of these survivors were women, slaves, and children.

Although the revolutionaries did not win the Battle of the Alamo, their battle benefited
the rebels cause overall. Emotionally, the battle stirred up settlers all across and
increased their resolve against President . Strategically, troops
were stalled at the Alamo for two weeks. This allowed General Houston to assemble
soldiers and supplies for a critical upcoming battle. Houston would later defeat in
the decisive Battle of San Jacinto. would be captured while sneaking off the
next day, and the revolutionaries would go on to win their independence. From 1836 to
1845, the Republic of would be a sovereign state between the US and .

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